Put this up in a very visible part of your home and point to it silently whenever your child seems distracted. Order of birth can also come into play in making your decision, as it may save time to serve up the same to everyone and younger siblings tend to want to copy their elders.
Baby & Toddler
They often regress after delivery. AT — Hormones surge during pregnancy making acne quite common. Overproduction of oil in the skin can clog up pores and bacteria thrive, causing major breakouts. If you suffered from acne before pregnancy, then expect it to be worse during pregnancy. Keep skin clean at all times, including the hairline and scalp. Scalp and facial skin are the same; keep them both hygienic to minimise breakouts.
Soap-free cleansers used morning and before going to bed will keep the skin clean and use an oil-free moisturiser to keep skin hydrated. Diet is another factor that can help keep acne at bay. What advice would you offer regarding a pregnancy skin care routine? AT — Use natural products. Pregnant women have more sensitive skin so try to use a non-fragranced skin care to minimise irritation.
Wash the face day and night, apply toner to keep the pH balanced, your favourite serum and moisturiser and eye cream is all you need. A facial treatment once a month will give pregnant woman some relaxation and is beneficial for their skin.
Are there products that should be avoided? AT — Here are some on the no-no list, especially if you are a fan of anti-ageing and acne products. It is best to consult your physician, though. If you wish to go for a massage after the first trimester, opt for just the base oil but if you wish to have some relaxing fragrance, lavender is safe to blend into these oils.
But in recent years it seems that the age of entry into the digital dimension has decreased, and it is now perfectly normal for toddlers — and even babies — to swipe and tap away on screens with growing dexterity.
The to-do list could be tackled, or an occasional lunch out or coffee enjoyed without turning the café into a makeshift playground or inciting tuts and raised eyebrows from fellow diners. You might even manage a trip to the loo in peace! As smartphones and tablets are such a recent development, no one can say with certainty what their long-term effects on our children will be. Although there is plenty of research on how television can affect children, as the new technology is interactive and responsive, it may not affect children in exactly the same way.
So far, while researchers have found that touchscreen use may have some positive effects — for example, it may improve motor skills, coordination and reaction times, it can be useful for children with autism or ADHD, and it may help early literacy in pre-schoolers — other studies have found that too much tech, too young, may have its downsides. But what are the possible downsides? And how much tech is too much? One of the main possible downsides is that if children — especially very young children — spend too much time alone on gadgets, this could be at the expense of other, potentially richer, experiences that are essential for their development.
When a screen tells a story, the words, sounds and pictures are perfectly synchronised into one easy-to-digest package, so the technology almost does the thinking for the child.
Children also need to see faces to start the complex process of working out expressions, which can help with developing empathy and social skills. Another potential downside of our gadgets might be that they are just too good — if a screen captivates and soothes our children so reliably, it might become the go-to tool every time we need to divert our children from potential meltdown situations, or even if they are just a bit fidgety and, well, childlike, when out in public.
In the digital world, children usually get an exciting audio-visual reward when they master a task, which stimulates the reward pathway in the brain and gives a buzz of achievement. More research is needed, but for the time being, it seems that more swiping equals less snoozing.
One more downside of screen use is its possible effects on myopia short-sightedness. Hong Kong already has one of the highest rates of myopia in the world, and it seems that small-screen usage will only exacerbate problems. At a Hong Kong Department of Health report launch in on the health effects of internet and screen use, Dr Ko Tak-chuen from the College of Ophthalmologists of Hong Kong pointed out that myopia is associated with near-work tasks, and overuse of electronic screen products will increase the risk of myopia progression.
But just how much time are our children spending on screens? As technology moves so fast, and as our lives become increasingly screen-saturated with every passing month, it is difficult to come up with accurate statistics. However, the Birkbeck study in the UK found that 51 per cent of six-to month-olds, 75 per cent of toddlers six months to three years and 92 per cent of 25 to month-olds used a touchscreen device on a daily basis.
Although the average screen time for six months was six minutes, some were spending two-and-a-half hours a day on screens, and some month-olds were spending as much as five hours per day on screens. A survey in the UK found that one-third of British under-fives owned a tablet or smartphone. So how much screen time should our children be having? The AAP surveyed the available evidence and issued guidelines. It advised parents that under-twos should avoid screens, other than for video-chatting, and that for over-twos, content should be carefully chosen, watched with parents, and not used for more than an hour per day.
According to the AAP, this will not be the case. And when we think about unplugging the children, we should take a look at our own habits, too.
Avoid solo media use in this age group. For children aged two-to five years — limit screen use to one hour per day of high-quality programming, co-view with your children, help them understand what they are seeing and apply what they learn to the world around them.
Avoid fast-paced programmes young children do not understand them so well , apps with lots of distracting content, and any violent content. Turn off televisions when not in use. Avoid using media as the only way to calm your child. Keep bedrooms, mealtimes and parent-child playtimes screen-free.
No screens one hour before bedtime, and no devices in bedrooms overnight. Getting the Best Behaviour from your Young Learner. Sure, you can have stern words, ask your child to improve, or promise punishments if the problem persists. What you can do is set up clear behaviour models in the home, which your child will then take with them into school.
Take a look at the tips below to help your child learn how to behave well in all areas of their life. But try using one of the task motivators below to help your child take some of this responsibility on for themselves, and their maturity will develop immensely.
Set up rules in advance for how pieces are collected, e. Put this up in a very visible part of your home and point to it silently whenever your child seems distracted. Children with attention issues find a task list especially helpful, as it keeps them oriented within a stream of activities. Carrot and Stick Clear and consistent rules are the key to helping your child control their behaviour at home. Use a mixture of carrot and stick incentives to guide them towards the behaviour that will serve them best for the rest of their lives.
Instead, show them how much you value good behaviour by recognising it every time. This works best if you can get down at eye level and be specific with your praise, e. Why not try rewarding your child with responsibility. Consistency is key here, so make sure that all caretakers parents, helpers, grandparents, etc. Set ground rules — Help your child understand what good study behaviour looks like: Establish signals — Kids thrive on predictability and repetition how else could they get through their 37th viewing of Frozen?
Use specific signals to remind your child to remain on task. In schools, teachers clap out a rhythm to gather attention. Setting up some reliable signals with your child can help them modify their behaviour without needing a lengthy discussion on the issue each time problems arise.
Are my instructions short and simple? This can quickly prompt poor behaviour in children as that distracts from how helpless they feel. Make sure that your instructions are clear, simple and easy to follow, and confirm this by having the instructions repeated back to you. Have I checked in with their needs? Bad behaviour often points to something else going on with a child. Are you asking too much?
Not every child can concentrate for half an hour on the same thing I know not every adult can. Work to understand whether your child needs more regular breaks to let off steam by playing a running game or by grabbing some crayons and colouring for five minutes before continuing with their tasks. Over time, you can gradually expect more and more of them, but setting the bar too high from the start will make them reluctant to even try.
She has been teaching in Hong Kong for several years, and has a highly experienced international teaching team who love to share their knowledge and resources with parents whenever they can. Tara Jenkins asks how much physical activity our children should participate in each day. We blow up balloons, and go crazy. Or we turn up the music and engage in one of the oldest forms of human expression: It is key children learn to enjoy sport in early childhood years, she says, and that there is variety in the activities they are signed up for.
When a child is growing, they need stability and more importantly, muscle co-ordination. Running, swimming or yoga will help them find good balance, and improve muscle strength alongside muscle flexibility, which is necessary for avoiding growing pains. My advice is for every child to do lots and lots of swimming, as it provides the perfect balance between cardio, stamina building and muscle strengthening, while moving the entire body to ensure flexibility.
Pure weight training, conversely, is not advised before 14 years old, depending on when a child reaches puberty. Jillian Michaels, the tough-as-nails coach from The Biggest Loser , became passionate about pregnancy when she and her fiancée started a family. Ready to meet your match? You don't have to be a mind reader to figure out what she wants.
These simple strategies will put you both on the road to bliss. Elle Walker made her first videos in a closet. She can find the funny in almost anything! Communicating gets easier—and more fun—once your child starts using his fingers to show you what's on his mind.
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